In addition to individual and couples counselling, we are able to offer specialist therapies, including EMDR and DIT.
EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing) is an innovative approach to working with trauma. It is a specialist therapeutic approach, delivered by our highly trained and experienced therapists, designed to help take away the distress you may experience when remembering a traumatic event.
DIT therapy (Dynamic Interpersonal Therapy) is a time-limited, structured psychotherapy, typically delivered over 16 weekly sessions. It aims to help you understand the connection between presenting symptoms and what is happening in your relationships by identifying a core repetitive pattern of relating that can be traced back to childhood.
What is EMDR?
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a therapy technique designed for working with distressing or traumatic memories. The theory behind EMDR is that many psychological di¬fficulties are the result of distressing life experiences which have not been stored in memory properly and are said to be unprocessed or blocked. These traumatic memories may need some help to become processed, and EMDR is one way to do this.
Normal memories are stored by a part of the brain called the hippocampus. You can think of the hippocampus as a sort of librarian which catalogues (processes) events and stores them in the right place. However, some traumatic events (such as accidents, abuse, disasters, or violence) are so overwhelming that the hippocampus doesn’t do its job properly. When this happens memories are stored in their raw, unprocessed, form. These trauma memories are easily triggered, leading them to replay and cause distress over and again.
What is Psychological Trauma?
A psychological trauma can occur when you have experienced either a single event or long lasting or repeated events that are so overwhelming it affects your ability to cope or make sense of what happened. Examples of traumatic events include serious accidents, i.e. road traffic collision; loss and grief; being told you have a life threatening (terminal) illness; physical, emotional or sexual abuse; neglect; natural or man-made disasters; being taken hostage; and, bullying. Everyone has different ways of responding to events. What one individual finds traumatic another person may not find distressing.
Typical reactions that you may feel after a traumatic event include:
• Constantly thinking about the event.
• Images of the events keep coming into your mind.
• Difficulty sleeping and/or nightmares.
• Changes in how you feel emotionally, i.e. frightened, sad, anxious, angry.
• Avoiding certain situations that remind you of the event.
• Feeling numb, stunned, shocked or dazed and have difficulties connecting with life around you.
• Denial that the event actually happened.
It is very common to experience distress following a traumatic event. In most cases, the emotional reactions get better over the days and weeks that follow a trauma. You may feel a wide range of emotions, including:
• Anger – in relation to what happened to you and with other people involved.
• Guilty – that you think you could or should have done something to prevent what happened (that you may feel you were to blame), or that you survived when others suffered or died.
• Frightened – that the same event may happen again or that you feel you are unable to cope with your feelings, or you may feel that you are not in control of what is going on in your life.
• Helpless – that you were unable to do something about what happened.
• Sad – that the trauma happened or that someone was injured or killed, especially if you knew them.
• Ashamed or embarrassed – by what had happened and that you feel you cannot tell anyone about it.
However, in some cases the effects of a trauma can be longer lasting and continue for months and even years after the event. Receiving the appropriate type of support can help you come to terms with the traumatic experience so that it does not continue to affect you for the rest of your life.
You don’t have to suffer in silence.
Dynamic Interpersonal Therapy (DIT) is a time-limited, structured psychotherapy, typically delivered over 16 weekly sessions. It aims to help you understand the connection between presenting symptoms and what is happening in your relationships by identifying a core repetitive pattern of relating that can be traced back to childhood.
Once this pattern is identified, it will be used to make sense of difficulties in relationships in the here-and-now that could be contributing to psychological stress.
Therapy comes in many forms, each having a particular focus and emphasis. DIT focuses mostly on relationship problems. When a person is able to deal with a relationship problem more effectively, his or her psychological symptoms often improve.
DIT aims to help people recognise specific relationship patterns and to make changes in their relationships. There is a growing body of scientific evidence demonstrating the benefit of this approach.
Your therapist will encourage you to reflect on what you think and feel, thereby enhancing your ability to manage current interpersonal difficulties. It aims to relieve your symptoms of distress, enhancing your interpersonal functioning and your capacity for understanding yourself and others. During this therapy, your therapist will help you find more appropriate ways of being and coping with difficult relationships in your life.
What is talked about in DIT?
Your therapist will spend a few sessions talking with you about your depression as well as current and past relationships in order to understand how they are connected. Your therapist will help you to keep the discussion focused upon these kinds of problems.
What can I expect to happen over the course of treatment?
In the first few sessions of DIT, you and your therapist will spend time talking about the important relationships in your life and their connection to your depression. Your therapist will work with you to identify a key repeated pattern in how you see yourself in relation to others and a questionnaire will be used to help with this process. At the end of the initial sessions, your therapist will share with you this specific and personally tailored understanding and you will agree on the areas you wish to focus on during therapy.
Sessions will involve discussing your agreed main area of interpersonal difficulties and working on making positive changes. Therapy does not include any written exercises or homework, but you need to be willing to be actively looking for ways to make constructive changes.
When concluding therapy, you and your therapist will discuss feelings about therapy ending and the progress you have made during the treatment. Given that this is a focused and time-limited treatment, it is unlikely that you will have addressed all your difficulties during the sixteen sessions and you should also spend some time thinking about how the understandings you have gained will help you continue with the progress you have made.
For more information go to www.d-i-t.org